In order to evaluate the feasibility of multi-point, non-contact, acceleration measurement, a high-speed, precision videogrammetry system has been assembled from commercially-available components and software. Consisting of three synchronized 640 X 480 pixel monochrome progressive scan CCD cameras each operated at 200 frames per second, this system has the capability to provide surface-wide position-versus-time data that are filtered and twice-differentiated to yield the desired acceleration tracking at multiple points on a moving body. The oscillating motion of targets mounted on the shaft of a modal shaker were tracked, and the accelerations calculated using the videogrammetry data were compared directly to conventional accelerometer measurements taken concurrently. Although differentiation is an inherently noisy operation, the results indicate that simple mathematical filters based on the well-known Savitzky and Golay algorithms, implemented using spreadsheet software, remove a significant component of the noise, resulting in videogrammetry-based acceleration measurements that are comparable to those obtained using the accelerometers.
Leifer, J., Weems, B. J., Kienle, S. C., & Sims, A. M. (2011). Three-dimensional acceleration measurement using videogrammetry tracking data. Experimental Mechanics, 51(2), 199-217.