Surface immobilized polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer templated Pt nanoparticles were employed as precursors to heterogeneous catalysts. CO oxidation catalysis and in situ infrared spectroscopy were used to evaluate conditions for dendrimer removal. Infrared spectroscopy showed thatPAMAMdendrimer amide bonds begin decomposing at temperatures as low as 75 °C. Although the amide stretches are completely removed after 3 h of oxidation at 300 °C, 16 h were required to reach maximum catalytic activity. Further treatment under oxidizing or reducing atmospheres did not cause substantial changes in activity. Infrared spectroscopy of the activated materials indicated that organic residues, probably surface carboxylates, are formed during oxidation. These surface species passivate the Pt NPs, and their removal was required to fully activate the catalyst. Substantially less forcing activation conditions were possible by employing a CO/O2/He oxidation treatment. At appropriate temperatures, CO acts as a protecting group for the Pt surface, helping to prevent fouling of the nanoparticle by organic residues. CO oxidation catalysis and infrared spectroscopy of adsorbed CO indicated that the low temperature activation treatment yielded supported nanoparticles that were substantially similar to those prepared with more forcing conditions.
University of Helsinki
Singh, A., & Chandler, B. D. (2005). Low-temperature activation conditions for PAMAM dendrimer templated Pt nanoparticles. Langmuir, 21(23), 10776-10782. https://doi.org/10.1021/la051605h