Title

Refined Assessment of the Impact of Cell Shape on Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell Differentiation in 3D Contexts

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-2019

Abstract

Numerous studies have demonstrated that the differentiation potential of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) can be modulated by chemical and physical cues. In 2D contexts, inducing different cell morphologies, by varying the shape, area and/or curvature of adhesive islands on patterned surfaces, has significant effects on hMSC multipotency and the onset of differentiation. In contrast, in vitro studies in 3D contexts have suggested that hMSC differentiation does not directly correlate with cell shape. However, in 3D, the effects of cell morphology on hMSC differentiation have not yet been clearly established due to the chemical and physical properties being intertwined in 3D matrices. In this work, we studied the effects of round or elongated cell morphologies on hMSC differentiation independently of scaffold composition, modulus, crosslink density and cell-mediated matrix remodeling. The effects of cell shape on hMSC lineage progression were studied using three different cell culture media compositions and two values of scaffold rigidity. Differences in cell shape were achieved using interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs). The mechanical and diffusional properties of the scaffolds and cell-matrix interactions were characterized. In addition, cell responses were evaluated in terms of cell spreading via gene and protein expression of differentiation markers. Cumulative results support, and extend upon previous work indicating that cell shape alone in 3D contexts does not significantly modulate hMSC differentiation, at least for the scaffold chemistry, range of modulus and culture conditions explored in this study. Statement of Significance: In 2D contexts, inducing different cell shapes, by varying the curvature, area size and shape of a patterned surface, has significant effects on hMSC multipotency and the onset of cell differentiation. In contrast, in vitro studies in 3D contexts have suggested that hMSC differentiation does not directly correlate with cell shape. However, in 3D, the effects of cell morphology on hMSC differentiation have not yet been clearly established due to the chemical and physical properties being intertwined in 3D matrices. In this work, we studied the effects of round or elongated cell morphologies on the differentiation of hMSCs independently of scaffold composition, modulus, crosslink density and cell mediated matrix remodeling. Cumulative results support, and extend upon previous work indicating that cell shape alone in 3D contexts does not significantly modulate hMSCs differentiation commitment.

Document Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1016/j.actbio.2019.01.052

Publisher

Acta Materialia Inc

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