Bowen v. Roy (1986)
Contribution to Book
In Bowen v. Roy, 476 U.S. 693 (1986), the Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that the federal government did not violate the free exercise clause of the First Amendment by assigning a Social Security number for welfare benefits.
Steven J. Roy, a Native American, did not want the federal government to use a Social Security number for his daughter to provide her with welfare benefits. According to Roy, the use of a Social Security number would prevent his daughter from "becoming a holy person," "rob [her] spirit," and violate the free exercise clause of the First Amendment.
John R. Vile, David L. Hudson Jr., and David Schultz
Congressional Quarterly Press
Hermann, J.R. (2009). Bowen v. Roy (1986). In J.R. Vile, D.L. Hudson Jr., & D. Schultz (Eds.), Encyclopedia of the first amendment (pp. 193-194). Washington D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press.
Encyclopedia of the First Amendment