Adapting the Body Project to a Non-Western Culture: A Dissonance-Based Eating Disorders Prevention Program for Saudi Women
The main aim of this study was to test the feasibility of an adapted version of the Body Project for young Saudi women as their eating and body issues are comparable to western culture and linked to internalization of westernization. The study also aims to assess predictors of attrition and preliminary effectiveness.
The intervention was adapted to local culture in collaboration with a co-director of the Body Project Collaborative. 48 Saudi undergraduate females were recruited, mean age was 19.16 years (SD = 1.23), baseline BMI was (M = 24.42, SD = 5.46). Eating pathology, body image, and comorbidities were assessed pre and post the intervention with adapted self-report measures.
The Body Project is feasible for young Saudi women. Participants were willing to enroll, they found the intervention useful, understandable, and enjoyable. There was no difference between completers and non-completers. The preliminary effect sizes are similar or higher than other effectiveness trials in other cultures.
A cognitive dissonance-based eating disorders prevention can be applicable across cultures where westernization is an influence. The effectiveness is yet to be affirmed. Future research is needed to investigate effectiveness in further robust studies and a bigger sample.
Level IV (evidence obtained from multiple time series with or without the intervention, such as case studies. Dramatic results in uncontrolled trials might also be regarded as this type of evidence)
AlShebali, M., Becker, C., Kellett, S., AlHadi, A., Waller, G. (In press). Adapting the body project to a non-western culture: a dissonance-based eating disorders prevention program for Saudi women. Eating and Weight Disorders. http://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-021-01104-9
Eating and Weight Disorders