Bilingual subjects (Spanish English) who had acquired fluency in their second language after 8 years of age rated 18 emotional and 18 neutral words for ease of pronunciation, implied activity, or emotionality; half of each type was presented in Spanish and half in English. During a subsequent, unexpected test of free recall subjects recalled more emotional than neutral words, but only for words that had been presented in the native language. This finding applied across native-language groups and suggests that emotion provides a basis for language specificity in bilingual memory.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Ltd.
Anooshian, L.J., & Hertel, P.T. (1994). Emotionality in free recall: Language specificity in bilingual memory. Cognition and Emotion, 8(6), 503-514. doi: 10.1080/02699939408408956
Cognition and Emotion